Poland Crypto license

GBO Corporate Services can assist you to set up a Cryptocurrency Exchange License in Poland

 

GBO provides expert assistance to firms looking for one stop shop for obtaining crypto license, open bank accounts, legal , systems and everything you need for your crypto business in Poland.

Introduction to Poland crypto license and regulation

Poland represents an excellent opportunity for investors looking for a stable and progressive country to set up a cryptocurrency bank inside the EU.

Poland does not treat cryptocurrency trading as subject to financial supervision. Virtual currencies are not part of the Polish financial market as defined in Polish law. However, in October 2021, activity in virtual currency became subject to new regulations.

If you are interested in learning more about the opportunities for you in Poland, talk to our team of banking experts here at GBO. We have more than 12 years of experience helping investors set up profitable and viable digital banking operations across Europe.

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    What are the advantages of a crypto company in Poland?

    • Poland is a member of the financial area in the world. This gives you instant access to a vast number of potential customers. 
    • Opening a cryptocurrency business in Poland is faster than in other EU countries.
    • The Polish crypto license is easier to obtain, allowing you to avoid the more complex licensing procedures in other EU member states. 
    • Poland has dual taxation agreements with many countries. For foreign business investors, this offers considerable advantages when you open a branch in Poland.
    • Poland has very low rates of corporate tax.
    • For the purposes of financial transactions, you can use banking services provided by any bank or EMI registered in the EEA to open a bank account for the Polish crypto company
    • The minimum capital requirement is only 5000 złoty (about €1100)
    • Crypto companies are not currently a part of the regulated financial market, so they are not subject to financial supervision or regular auditing.

    What is the scope of activity for a crypto business in Poland?

    A crypto company can provide activities in the field of virtual currencies. These include:

    • Exchange of virtual and fiat currencies
    • Swapping between virtual currencies
    • Acting as an intermediary (broker or agent) in the above activities
    • Supporting digital accounts of customers (eWallet). Companies cannot store fiat currencies in a digital wallet.

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    Crypto regulations in Poland

    Polish Financial Supervision Authority (KNF) has declared that “In the Polish system, there are no regulations prohibiting the conduct of an activity as an exchange or an exchange office for cryptocurrencies, which means that conducting activities in the form of an exchange in cryptocurrencies, as well as trading in cryptocurrencies, is not prohibited and is therefore legal.”

    The regulations introduced in 2021 state that conducting business activity in digital currencies includes exchanging virtual currencies and fiat currencies or other virtual currencies, setting up markets for such exchanges, and setting up digital accounts where customers can store virtual currency.

    In Polish law, ‘virtual currency’ is defined as a token that can be stored or transferred electronically, traded for legal tender, accepted as a medium of exchange, or tendered in e-commerce. It can also not be a representation of a currency that is legal tender, issued by the National Bank of Poland or by any foreign central bank or other recognized public bodies such as the euro, which is accepted by countries belonging to the European Union. The definition of virtual currency also differentiates it from electronic money, financial instruments, checks and bills of exchange.

    How to set up a Polish Cryptocurrency business

    In the following sections, we will outline the basic steps you will need to take to establish yourself in this market.

    Corporate requirements in Poland

    The primary corporate requirement is that the Crypto Banking claim must be held by a company registered in Poland itself, not a fellow member of the EU. However, ownership of the company is not restricted to Polish citizens, or even to citizens of other EU or EEA countries.

    There are two options:

    • Acquire a company that is currently registered in Poland and that meets the requirements of registration as a cryptocurrency exchange.
    • Create a new legal entity in Poland by following these steps:
    • Preparation of Articles of Association and Memorandum of Agreement
    • Preparation of AML/CFT (Anti-Money Laundering Law) and KYC forms
    • Opening a corporate bank account with a recognized financial institution, EMI or bank within the EEA
    • Submission of proof of identity of the company representative (e.g., a certified copy of the director’s passport – translated under the apostille into Polish if the representative is not a Polish citizen.)
    • Proof of residence of the company (local business office with zip code)
    • Submitting information about company officials (Directors, Ultimate Beneficial Owners, Shareholders)
    • Application to Polish Tax Service for approval and obtaining a Polish tax number (PESEL)

    GBO can provide guidance and assistance in performing all of these steps. Talk to us before you start so that you do not miss out on any required steps.

    Since Poland is within the European Economic Area, the bank account for a  crypto company in Poland can be opened at any registered EU payment institution. This does not require a physical visit and can be done remotely.

    Licensing a Polish cryptocurrency company

    There is no formal licensing authority. The only necessary step is registering the company in the Register of Organizations as authorized to trade in cryptocurrency. This requires payment of the required government fees and production of the AML procedure in Polish.

    FAQ

    Can a Polish crypto business support fiat-to-crypto and crypto-to-fiat exchange  

    There are currently no restrictions on the type of activity as long as the company adheres to the AML and KYC regulations. Individual transactions are not subject to supervision.

    Storing and investing fiat currency on behalf of customers is considered as investment activity and is not permitted without a separate license. 

    Can a Polish crypto company trade in ordinary currencies?

    Under current regulations, a Polish company requires a payments license to store clients’ ordinary (fiat) balances. It can only engage in crypto/fiat and fiat/crypto exchange transactions. Fiat currency payments cannot be handled through the company’s bank account, since this payment service has to be separately licensed.

    Is activity in cryptocurrencies legal in the European Union?

    According to the judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union on October 22, 2015 (C-264/14),  activity in the field of virtual currencies is generally legal in the EU. Individual member countries can set their own rules and regulations but must conform to the minimum level of control that was stipulated in that judgment.

    What is the rate of corporate profit tax in Poland?

    For any taxpayer whose sales in tax year did not exceed the złoty equivalent of two million euro (classified as a small tax payer), and for new companies in the first year of trading, the Corporate Income tax (CIT) rate in Poland is nine percent. For all other companies, the rate is nineteen percent

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